Vintage Waterman 0554 Full Smooth Gold Filled Overlay Fountain Pen, Canada, Year 1920
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Big and Desirable ** Vintage Waterman 0554 Full Smooth Gold Filled Overlay Fountain Pen, Canada, Year 1920 **
This is a very impressive sized, nicely kept Waterman 0554 fountain pen, measuring, 14 cm closed... and a full 17.5 cm when opened for use.
The numerals 55, embedded within the model number 0554 imprinted on the pen's far end, show that this is an oversized pen... Waterman's BIG model 55 range... while the numeral 4 which follows confirms that this model variant is the luxury 14K goldfilled overlay design, in which gold filled outer shells cover the Ebonite (black hard rubber) barrel and cap from which Waterman crafted the pen's internal structure. The cap is further adorned with an engraved curlicue lettered engraving... very beautifully designed in keeping with the early years of the past century.
Fully signed Waterman Ideal with globe trademark on both the clip and filling lever, the pen's solid 14K gold, flexible, medium point nib also is fully signed Waterman's Ideal, Canada and F.D.W.
Condition: Excellent, with no dings or other damage to the pen's barrel or cap, albeit the minute mis-rounding typically found on the upper lip of the cap top (see photo). Conservatively serviced, fully tested and ready to write!.
Waterman History and Invention of the Cartridge Fountain Pen
Lewis Edson Waterman is credited with inventing the 1st practical fountain pen in 1884.
So the story goes Waterman, an insurance broker, was getting ready to sign an important contract. For the occasion, he purchased one of those new fountain pens that had recently come on the market, thinking it would be more practical and stylish than the dip pen and pocket inkwell he usually carried.
However, when the time came to sign, the pen first refused to write and then badly stained the contract. Waterman rushed back to his office to get another copy, but when he returned, the customer had signed with a rival broker.
On the spot, Waterman determined to devise a real fountain penone he could depend upon. In his brothers workshop, he analyzed the ink to paper exchange in pens and discovered that the problem lay in the function of the feed, through which the ink first flowed to the nib. After numerous experiments, he developed the Three Fissure Feed, a structure based on the principle of capillary attraction. Waterman was granted a US patent for his invention on February 12, 1884 and variations on it were adopted by all fountain pen manufacturers, so that Waterman's slogan quickly became the Daddy of Them All.
In 1888, the firm was renamed L.E. Waterman Company. In the following year, at the Exposition Universelle in Paris, Waterman was awarded a bronze medalthe highest honor awarded to a fountain pen designer and manufacturer. From this point forward, innovation followed upon innovation and success upon success, ultimately growing to become by far the most important of the Big Four fountain pen manufacturers.
Already by 1903 Waterman pens were sold throughout the United States and Canada While subsequently, Frank D. Waterman, Lewis Waterman's nephew, led the Waterman name to cross the Atlantic and conquer Europe.
Then, in 1926, a Waterman agent by the name of Jules Fagard established a quasi-independent French subsidiary called JiF-Waterman, to manufacture Waterman pens in France. Here too, a major breakthrough soon was achieved: In the following year, a JiF-Waterman researcher named Perraud invented the ink cartridge! It consisted of a small glass tube with a cork-stopper. Amazingly, this invention was not patented until 1936, but remained a JiF-Waterman exclusive for twenty years!
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- Goldfilled, Ebonite, 14K Gold
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