Set of 4 Vintage Dancing Derwish Sufi Figures Turkish Bisque White Ceramic
A beautiful set of 4 handmade white ceramic figurines by the Turkish Yildiz Porcelain, featuring a dancing Derwish and musicians from the Whirling Dervish Order. Signed and in great condition.
The figures represent the traditional mystic dancing ritual of Sufi Derwishes, belonging to the Whirling Dervishes Order, or Mevlevi Order - a branch of Sufism practiced in Turkey. The white ceramic figures were made in the Yildiz Porcelain Factory which is among the oldest and most treasured sources of Turkish porcelain and ceramics. The figures are handmade and each is signed at the bottom. They are in great vintage condition, with no chips or cracks.
The sitting figures: Length 5.3" (13.5 cm), width 4" (10 cm), depth 4.3" (11 cm).
The dancing figure: Length 7.5" (19 cm), width 5.5" (14 cm), depth 4.5" (11.5 cm).
Each figurine weighs approximately 10 oz (283 gram).
Sufism, which is often called Islamic Mysticism, is a denomination in Islam with its roots in the early days of the religion. The Sufi interpretation of Islam focuses on love, tolerance, worship of God, community development, and personal development through self-discipline. A Sufi way of life is to love and be of service to people, to desert one's personal ego in order to reach maturity and perfection, and finally reach the True and Real God. The Mevlevi Order is a branch of Sufism in Turkey, founded in 1273 by the followers of Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Balkhi-Rumi, a 13th-century Afghan poet, Islamic theologian and Sufi mystic. The Mevlevi are also known as the Whirling Dervishes due to their famous practice of whirling as a form of dhikr (remembrance of God). This constitutes the famous Sama ceremony, representing a mystical journey of a person's spiritual ascent through mind and love to the Divine. In 2008 UNESCO confirmed the Sama ceremony as amongst the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
YıIdız Porcelain Factory was founded by Sultan Abdulhamid II in 1890. Known at that time as the Imperial Porcelain Factory, it was established to meet the interior decoration needs of the Ottoman Palace. At this time there was a high demand for porcelain from both the court and the wealthy classes. The Imperial Porcelain Factory was built on a flat area in Yıldız Palace Park at the personal instigation of the sultan. Experts from the Sevres and Limoges factories in France assisted in setting up the factory, and the latest European technology, including porcelain moulds, were imported. The main subjects of the designs were portraits of the sultans, panoramas of Istanbul, figures of women and children, mythological and allegorical scenes, arabesque scrollwork and rococo style country scenes.