Intercity Radio Telegraph Company 1921 - Famous Legal Court Case

Intercity Radio Telegraph Company 1921 - Famous Legal Court Case

Click thumbnails for expanded view.

Intercity Radio Telegraph Company 1921 - Famous Legal Court Case

Add to Cart

  • $295.00

  • Quantity Available: 1

Beautifully engraved certificate from the Intercity Radio Telegraph Company issued in 1921. This historic document has an ornate border around it with a vignette of a globe with a hand holding lightening bolts. This item is hand signed by the Company’s President and Secretary and is over 81 years old.
Certificate Vignette The Radio Act of 1912 required that all radio transmitters be licensed by federal government and that operators have a license. Secretary of labor and commerce was given authority to assign broadcast wave-length bands and time periods when broadcasts could be carried. The secretary had no discretion on whether to issue a license or not. Hoover v Intercity Radio Co. (1923) - By early '20s, many people wanted licenses and too many wanted to broadcast at the same time. Secretary Herbert Hoover refused to grant license to otherwise qualified applicant. Court ruled he had exceeded his authority and had to grant the license. U.S. v Zenith Radio Corp. (1926) - Under pressure from broadcasters, Hoover continued to act beyond legal authority and issued wave-length assignments and times for broadcast. He was challenged by WJAZ Chicago and he lost. His illegal regulation had brought some order to chaotic broadcast area, but now it sank into chaos again, forcing Congress to act. HOOVER VS. INTERCITY RADIO COMPANY, 1923 Intercity had been operating in New York and merely wanted a license renewal. It said Hoover had to assign it to a frequency under the 1912 Act. Hoover said there was no frequency where interference could be avoided. The Court of Appeals said: The duty of naming a wave length is mandatory upon the secretary. The only discretionary act is in selecting a wave length . . . which in his judgment, will result in the least possible interference. Hoover thus lost the case. Radio Act of 1927 created a traffic cop that broadcasters said was needed to make certain broadcasters transmitted on assigned wave lengths, during assigned hours and at assigned levels of power. Congress went way beyond that in creating Federal Radio Commission to also regulate licensing and renewal and to a limited extent programming. The law asserted that the broadcast spectrum belongs to the public and that licensed broadcasters merely use this public resource and so must operate "in the public interest, convenience or necessity" at all times. In 1934, Federal Communications Act was approved, regulating radio, telephone and telegraph industries through the Federal Communications Commission.

Scripophily

Dealer Accepts:

 

Shipping:

$5.00

Item Details:

  • Reference #
  • inradtelcom
  • Quantity
  • 1
  • Category
  • Coins & Currency
  • Department
  • Antiques
  • Year
  • See Description
  • Dimensions
  • Width: 0 inch
  • Height: 0 inch
  • Depth: 0 inch
  • Weight: 0 pound
  • Condition
  • See Description

Items Similar To "Intercity Radio Telegraph Company 1921 - Famous Legal Court Case"