Byron Jackson Co. ( Now BJ Services )

Byron Jackson Co. ( Now BJ Services )

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Byron Jackson Co. ( Now BJ Services )
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Beautifully engraved RARE SPECIMEN certificate from the Byron Jackson Co. This historic document was printed by the Security Banknote Company and has an ornate border around it with a vignette of a globe with a lightening bolt and a farm, an oil field and a city skyline in the background. This item has the printed signatures of the Company’s Vice President and Secretary.
Certificate Vignette In 1872, 31-year old inventor Byron Jackson formed the Byron Jackson Company. His labor-saving inventions included the Jackson Feeder, and many feel he would have ranked among noted inventors like John Deere or Cyrus McCormic had he not turned his main interest to pumps. The Byron Jackson Company (BJ) moved to San Francisco in 1879 where BJ engineers developed the first deep-well turbine pump and the original submersible pump. In 1905, a BJ Services Company forerunner, the Independent Torpedo Company, formed in Findlay, Ohio, to "shoot" oil wells with nitroglycerin, an early form of reservoir fracturing. In 1906, the Great San Francisco earthquake completely destroyed the Byron Jackson Machine Works. Jackson rebuilt his factory, then helped design a modern fire protection system for the city, including the first fire trucks and boats equipped with powerful, high-pressure centrifugal pumps. When he retired in 1913, Byron Jackson's name was synonymous with excellence and innovation, a reputation to be protected by future generations of BJ employees. In 1911, another BJ Services ancestor, the Dunn Manufacturing Co. of Oxnard, California, marketed a revolutionary new "casing wrench", the forerunner of present day tongs. In 1917, the Independent Torpedo Company established a factory in DeLeon, Texas to service southwestern oil fields. In 1928, Independent merged with the Eastern Torpedo Company. During the 1929 stock market crash, BJ acquired Dunn Manufacturing Company and several other oil tool manufacturers to establish the Byron Jackson Oil Tool Division. In 1929, BJ purchased the Pacific Cementing Company and began well servicing operations in the Los Angeles Basin. In 1932, the Chemical Process Co. set up shop at Breckenridge, Texas, specializing in oil-well acidizing, and successfully acidizing the first wells in Texas. Driven to keep up with the great oil strikes in the Mid-Continent and the Permian Basin regions, Byron Jackson built an oil tool manufacturing plant in Houston, Texas, in 1938. In 1940, Byron Jackson Co. entered a deal with Baker Oil Tools, Schlumberger Corp. and Dowell Inc. to expand cementing services for the oil industry by consolidating assets into a new operation called International Cementers, Inc. In 1945, the BJ Power Slip was developed, giving the industry its first practical air-powered drilling tool. In 1946, BJ co-developed the jet-shaped charge and was first to jet perforate cemented oil well casing. In 1946, BJ ushered in the modern era of oil well cementing with the PL-7 pump truck, a powered cementing unit capable of pressures to 10,000 psi. In 1951, BJ bought out its International Cementing partners and renamed the organization BJ Services. In 1955, Byron Jackson Company and Borg-Warner merged, making BJ part of one of the nation's largest and most research-oriented industrial complexes. In 1956, BJ-Borg Warner acquired the Chemical Process Company, which had earlier purchased the Independent/Eastern Torpedo Co., adding strength to BJ's acidizing and fracturing services to expanding international markets. Throughout the late 50s and 60s, BJ expanded in the United States and overseas. The Company built 40 service districts to cover all major oil fields in the US, and established training facilities in Texas. At the same time, BJ was setting up operations in more than 20 countries, including Canada, Argentina and Australia. In 1974, Hughes Tool Company acquired BJ Services from Borg-Warner; a year later its name changed to BJ-Hughes, Inc. In 1985, Titan Services, Inc., a subsidiary of Dresser Industries, and Hughes Tool Company formed a partnership -- BJ Titan Services Company. Hughes Tool subsequently merged with Baker Oil Tools and, in 1989, the BJ-Titan partnership was dissolved to become part of Baker-Hughes, setting the stage for creating a newly independent company. About Specimens Specimen Certificates are actual certificates that have never been issued. They were usually kept by the printers in their permanent archives as their only example of a particular certificate. Sometimes you will see a hand stamp on the certificate that says "Do not remove from file". Specimens were also used to show prospective clients different types of certificate designs that were available. Specimen certificates are usually much scarcer than issued certificates. In fact, many times they are the only way to get a certificate for a particular company because the issued certificates were redeemed and destroyed. In a few instances, Specimen certificates we made for a company but were never used because a different design was chosen by the company. These certificates are normally stamped "Specimen" or they have small holes spelling the word specimen. Most of the time they don't have a serial number, or they have a serial number of 00000. This is an exciting sector of the hobby that grown in popularity and realized nice appreciation in value over the past several years.


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  • Antiques
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