An Important 1870 Mississippi Legal Document that gives a great historical account of many legal issues of slavery during the Civil War and Reconstuction
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An 1870 Hinds County Mississippi petition to the probate judge from the administrator of an estate claiming insolvency because the estate was a common ground open to the ravages of the two contending armies during the late war and having to clothe feed and sustain the negro property .. and paid as tax in kind to the government of the late confederacy .the negro properly by the result of the late war became valueless thus destroying $12,000.00 worth of property . This plantation was battleground for the Battle of Big Black River Bridge - an important Union victory before the siege of Vicksburg. A very interesting and important historical account of events and legal issues in the South during and shortly after the Civil War- including slave taxes paid to the Confederacy, slaves impressed into service for the war, Negro property becoming worthless after the war and Confederate bonds.------TRANSCRIBED-------to the honorable E. W. Cabiness Judge of the probate court of Hinds County in the State of Mississippi. The petition of Virginia A Boughy respectfully represents unto your Honor that at the June term 1864 she qualified as the Administrator of the goods to which were of John Raney deceased late of said county in your Hon. Court and has confirmed to and does now act in that capacity that exercising the functions of her trust during a period of time when the locations of said descendents estate was a common ground open to the ravages of the two contending armies during the late war and having to clothe feed and sustain the negro property belonging to said descendent she not only she saved nothing from the annual proceeds of descendents land but consumed all of the corn meat on the place at the time of descendants death or left what was consumed by the two armies sold and paid as tax in kind to the government of the late confederacy, the same being impressed and she being unable to hold it as your honor is aware the negro properly by the result of the late war became valueless thus destroying $12,000.00 worth of property and embraced in inventory of the remainder property much was sold by order of this court and reported while the balance washed away and was consumed and destroyed of a portion of the property sold no report was made at the proper time but your petitions has embraced it and charged herself with it in the account which she will offer in connection with this petition. Your petitioner would further aver that there being no court in session in said County from the time she qualified as administrator of the Estate as soon thereafter until the close of the late war of the advise of the guardian of the minors and one of the largest creditors of the estate she from time to time bonded the notes of Confederate States Treasury which bonds and notes of the same were on hand at and because worthless by the result of the late war. Your petitioner further states that the lands which belonged to said Estate swore in 1866 bonded out by the guardian of said minors and from that time to the date of the current sale thereof were rented by your petitioner under an order of this Court and the rents accounted for in her account. Your petitioner further states that for some time she supposed the assets of the Estate would be properly large to pay all claims against the same and by the advise of counsel proceeded to pay many of the debts finding however that owing to unavoidable losses she discovered that the Estate would be wholly insolvent and obtained a decree of this Hon. Court so declaring it. She has had prepared and herewith senders a final settlement of her accounts as administrators she prays that the same may be examined and allowed. That Commissioners of insolvency be appointed if your Honor deems it expedient so to do and that she may be discharged. And as in duty bound to Sworn to and subscribed before me on this the 11th day of February 1870...........
- Chamblee, Georgia
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