Regimental Spanish Colonial Silver Mexican 19th century Mug, C.1847.
Regimental Spanish Colonial Silver Mexican 19th century Mug, C.1847. Marked BTON, for the chief assayer Cayetano Buitron, an M with an O over it, for purity, and an eagle tax mark. Of slightly cylindrical form with upper molded everted rim with frieze granular bead border surround plain capped "S" shed candle, presentation inscription engraved on front….. Presented by the Officers of the 9th Infl to 1st Lieut Thomas P. Pierce. U.S. Army. City of Mexico. Dec. 9th 1847. Height: 3.25 inches. Breadth: 4.25 inches. Item Weight: 187.80 grams.
The recipient Thomas P. Pierce, (1820-1887) through its owner and its maker, the tumbler has tangible links to the history of the territory that became the state of Texas.
When Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1821, Texas became part of Mexico. Following a revolt against the Mexican government in 1835 to 1836, Texas became a republic, although Mexico did not recognize it. The United States annexed Texas as a state in 1845, and at the conclusion of the Mexican-American War in 1848, Mexico acknowledged its independence.
As a result of the Mexican–American War, in April 1847, the 9th Infantry was organized, as one of the ten one-year regiments authorized by the Act of 11 February 1847. It was recruited primarily from the six New England states. It was briefly commanded by Colonel (and future President of the United States) Franklin Pierce before Pierce was promoted to brigadier general and commander of the brigade that included the 9th Regiment. Pierce was succeeded by Colonel Truman B. Ransom, who was killed in the assault upon Chapultepec Castle. Ransom was succeeded by Colonel Jones M. Withers, who resigned 23 May 1848, and he was succeeded by Colonel Henry L. Webb. Lieut. Pierce volunteered as a private, and was soon after commissioned, by President Polk, as second lieutenant of one of the companies of the New England regiment. Pierce took an active part at the battle of Contreras. The storming of Chepultepec soon followed. The assault was successful, and the surrender of the Mexican capital immediately followed. In this action, and in the details of patrol service during the winter, while the city was occupied by the American army, Lieut. Pierce was officially commended for the vigilant discharge of his duties.
Following the end of the war, the regiment returned to the United States where, by August 26, 1848, its officers and soldiers were discharged and the regiment was disbanded.
Col. Pierce engaged in business at his trade, in Manchester. In 1849 he became a member of the city government; and in the same year was appointed a member of Gov. Dinsmoor's staff. Upon the inauguration of Gen. Franklin Pierce as president, in March, 1853, he was appointed postmaster at Manchester. This position, in the largest and most prosperous city of the state, was one of unusual labor and responsibility. Col. Pierce filled the office for eight years, and to the entire satisfaction of the citizens of all parties.
On May 1, 1861, The Abbot Guards of Manchester Company marched forty-five miles to Portsmouth to join the 2nd New Hampshire under the command of Colonel Thomas Prescott Pierce. On the breaking out of the rebellion, in 1861, Col. Pierce was selected by Gov. Goodwin as commander of the Second New Hampshire regiment, of the three months' troops. Having satisfactorily discharged his duties, he retired after the term of enlistment was changed to three years, and Colonel Pierce resigned on June 4, 1861.
In 1866, Col. Pierce moved to Nashua, for the purpose of engaging in the manufacture of card-board and glazed paper and was one of the directors of the Nashua Card and Glazed-Paper Company, one of the most successful business enterprises in the state. In 1874, Col. Pierce was elected a member of the New Hampshire state senate, the only candidate of his party ever elected from that district; and in 1875 and 1876 he was sheriff of Hillsborough County.