Garden City Sugar and Land Company 1914 - Colorado

Garden City Sugar and Land Company 1914 - Colorado

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Garden City Sugar and Land Company 1914 - Colorado
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Beautifully engraved certificate from the Garden City Sugar and Land Company issued in 1914. This historic document has an ornate border around it. This item is hand signed by the Company’s President ( C. O. Hamlin ) and Secretary and is over 88 years old. The Garden City Sugar and Land Company owned fifty thousand acres in Finney, Kearney and Scott counties in Kansas. The company owned thirty-three thousand acres, nine-tenths of which they operated, and owned all the operating equipment. The company also grew ninety-five per cent of the beets which were manufactured into sugar in their Garden City plant. After the sugar was extracted the pulp was dried and converted into a high class stock food, it was worth $40 a ton. The company had completed forty water wells for irrigation. In former years the only commercial product of the sugar beet was the sugar, but no part of the beet was allowed to go to waste except the water. Even the tops and crowns are dried and evaporated into a meal for stock food. It had been found profitable to produce and handle alfalfa along with the beets, and a special milling plant had been constructed for that purpose. The company had a system to handle the alfalfa from the time it was mowed in the fields until it was ready for shipment. They mowed and raked and loaded on wagons with machinery, the alfalfa was then dumped into gondola cars and came into the mill over the company's railroad. The company's alfalfa mill, sugar mill and power plant were on the same site. The alfalfa meal was shipped from Garden City, and was worth from $28 to $30 a ton at the plant. The company's railroad was a public transportation company though used almost entirely for industrial purposes. It was fifteen miles in length and ninety-five per cent of the freight carried originated with the company, and consisted of alfalfa, hay, wheat, fat stock, sugar beets and farm machinery. For three years prior to 1917, 100,000 bushels of wheat were carried over this line. In 1917 the company sowed 5,000 acres to wheat, and in the same year it harvested 8,000 acres of sugar beets and 5,000 acres of alfalfa, besides various other crops of oats, barley, milo maize and kaffir corn. All the power for these varied operations was electricity supplied by an electric power plant owned by this company. Electric current pumped water for the beet fields, furnishes power for light and other purposes to the towns of Garden City, Lakin, Deerfield and Holcomb and also to individuals along the right of way for lighting and irrigation. The machinery in the factories, the pumps in the fields, the feed grinders, cream separators, mechanical milkers and silo fillers were operated by electric motor and the company also heated drinking water for cattle and dairy cows and furnishes current to the employes on the company's farm for domestic heating and lighting. The historical information is from the Lewis Publishing Company of Chicago, 1919.


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