Columbus Bronze Statue Monteverde Italian 19c
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Giulio Monteverde, Italian b. 1837 Christopher Columbus Youth Pondering His Destiny Bronze Sculpture 19th Century Statue Listed Antique Christopher Columbus as a youth pondering his destiny bronze sculpture, signed Monteverde, inscribed MCCCCL (denoting 1450 in Roman numerals the year Columbus was born) with the coat of arms of Genoa and a sketch of a ship on the pier, marked Roma for Rome Italy, in a rich mellow brown patina with impressive movement in the round in high relief depiction of young Columbus with a book in hand sitting on a piling with his foot ironically resting on an cast iron morning ring and measures 22 inches in height (without the marble) and 23 1/2 inches in height mounted a top the Belgian black slate marble base. There is nothing more alluring then quintessential moment that self realization and density collide illuminating a light bulb that burns so bright it blazes the path of the rest of one's life and affects many lives around the globe for centuries to come. This 19th century work by Giulio Monteverde, Italian 1837-1917 exquisite captures that moment. This bronze of Christopher Columbus as a Youth was modeled in 1870 and received a Gold Medal at the Parma exhibition resulting in the purchase of the full-size marble version by the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston. Giulio Monteverde was made an officer of the legion d' Honneur in 1878 and an Italian Senator in 1889. An exact bronze, of the same size sold at Sotheby's on 14 Dec. 2001 for 3600 British Pounds, which equates to $6262.00 in current dollars. This sculpture would make an impressive addition to any fine household or collection. ****NOTE: Email for shipping details. Background: Christopher Columbus: Man and Myth After five centuries, Columbus remains a mysterious and controversial figure who has been variously described as one of the greatest mariners in history, a visionary genius, a mystic, a national hero, a failed administrator, a naive entrepreneur, and a ruthless and greedy imperialist.
Columbus's enterprise to find a westward route to Asia grew out of the practical experience of a long and varied maritime career, as well as out of his considerable reading in geographical and theological literature. He settled for a time in Portugal, where he tried unsuccessfully to enlist support for his project, before moving to Spain. After many difficulties, through a combination of good luck and persuasiveness, he gained the support of the Catholic monarchs, Isabel and Fernando.
The widely published report of his voyage of 1492 made Columbus famous throughout Europe and secured for him the title of Admiral of the Ocean Sea and further royal patronage. Columbus, who never abandoned the belief that he had reached Asia, led three more expeditions to the Caribbean. But intrigue and his own administrative failings brought disappointment and political obscurity to his final years.In Search and Defense of PrivilegesQueen Isabel and King Fernando had agreed to Columbus's lavish demands if he succeeded on his first voyage: he would be knighted, appointed Admiral of the Ocean Sea, made the viceroy of any new lands, and awarded ten percent of any new wealth. By 1502, however, Columbus had every reason to fear for the security of his position. He had been charged with maladministration in the Indies.
The Library's vellum copy of the Book of Privileges is one of four that Columbus commissioned to record his agreements with the Spanish crown. It is unique in preserving an unofficial transcription of a Papal Bull of September 26, 1493 in which Pope Alexander VI extended Spain's rights to the New World.
Much concerned with social status, Columbus was granted a coat of arms in 1493. By 1502, he had added several new elements, such as an emerging continent next to islands and five golden anchors to represent the office of the Admiral of the Sea.Columbus' Coat of Arms
As a reward for his successful voyage of discovery, the Spanish sovereigns granted Columbus the right to bear arms. According to the blazon specified in letters patent dated May 20, 1493, Columbus was to bear in the first and the second quarters the royal charges of Castile and Leon -- the castle and the lion -- but with different tinctures or colors. In the third quarter would be islands in a wavy sea, and in the fourth, the customary arms of his family.
The earliest graphic representation of Columbus's arms is found in his Book of Privileges and shows the significant modifications Columbus ordered by his own authority. In addition to the royal charges that were authorized in the top quarters, Columbus adopted the royal colors as well, added a continent among the islands in the third quarter, and for the fourth quarter borrowed five anchors in fess from the blazon of the Admiral of Castille. Columbus's bold usurpation of the royal arms, as well as his choice of additional symbols, help to define his personality and his sense of the significance of his service to the Spanish monarchs.
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- Fine Art
- 19th Century
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