Antique Polish Hunting Sword Karabela, Poland 18th century
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Antique 18th century circa 1750 Polish Nobleman Hunting Sword with a hilt of characteristic Karabela form fluted and enclosed by engraved silver straps, fitted with a shaped silver collar at the base, a short silver cross-guard with down turned quillons engraved with a trellis pattern. A broad slightly curved single - edged blade, double -edged toward the point with a full-length fuller, the forte engraved and gilt on a blued panel with an oval medallion with a crescent moon and crowned by a turban adorned by feathers enclosed by foliage. The other side engraved with military trophies, flags, muskets with bayonets, military horns, scrolling floral motifs. The sword comes with its original black lacquered leather scabbard with silver mounts.
According to the Polish references: "Bron w Dawnej Polsce" by Zdzislaw Zygulski page 281, and "1000 SLÓW O BRONI BIALEJ I UZBROJENIU OCHRONNYM" by W?odzimierz Kwas'niewicz, page 109, during the period time of the second Quarter of the 18th century this particular type of hunting swords with Karabela hilts were worn by Polish Noblemen to there costume Kontusz instead of the long karabela sword. Furthermore, Kwas'niewicz in his book states that with this type of weapon were armed Polish soldiers during the war with Russia, known as the Kos'ciuszko insurrection. Both of these authors are respectable experts in historical Polish arms and armour. Also a very similar sword to this one described as an 18th century Polish Hunting sword is published in the book "Antique Arms and Armor", written by one of the leading British antique arms and armour experts, Frederick Wilkinson, page 107 Picture. S.W.32.
The Karabela, a sword of Ottoman origin, became highly popular in Poland during the 17th -19th century adopted by Polish nobility, and came to be known to the rest of the world including Turkey, as the national sword of Polish Nobility. In fact, the Turks believed that the sword is of Polish origin, and that the leather was adopted by the Ottomans, this opinion stems from the resemblance of the pommel to the head of the eagle. Many of these swords were made in various types and diversity, locally in Poland, but also in neighboring countries for export to Poland, but also for the local market. Hunting swords with a Karabela hilt were very fashionable during the 18th century, not only amongst Polish nobility, but also amongst the Hungarian and Russian aristocracy.
CONDITION: This sword is in good condition considering its age of over 250 years, only for a repair in the lower part of the scabbard near the chape and vertical splits on the spine.
MEASUREMENTS: The overall length with the scabbard is approximately: 76 cm (30 in). The overall length without the scabbard is approximately: 73 cm (28 3/4 in).
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- Ottawa, Ontario
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- Reference #
- Militaria & Weapons
- 18th century
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