SOLD Antique Hungarian Pandur Sword Karabela, 18th century
SOLD Antique 18th century circa 1750 Pandur officer Sword Couttoe Hanger. DETAILS: A brass hilt with traces of gilding, including a boatshell guard fitted with ivory grips-scales of characteristic Karabela form, retained by three elaborate brass rivets, and enclosed by brass straps. A slightly curved single edged blade, double edged toward the point, engraved and gild on each face with a standing figure of Pandur holding a sword and wearing Eastern European costume, Kontusz, with a tall hat, Kolpak, on his head with the engraved motto above PANDUR". One side of the forte is engraved with a spherical medallion with elaborate script Ich Halte Gravitat Max Rier Schritt von Schritt.
The Karabela, a sword of Ottoman origin, became highly popular in Poland during the 17th -19th century adopted by Polish nobility, and came to be known to the rest of the world including Turkey, as the national sword of Polish Nobility. In fact, the Turks believed that the sword is of Polish origin, and that the leather was adopted by the Ottomans, this opinion stems from the resemblance of the pommel to the head of the eagle. Many of these swords were made in various types and diversity, locally in Poland, but also in neighboring countries for export to Poland, but also for the local market. Hunting swords with a Karabela hilt were very fashionable during the 18th century, not only amongst Polish nobility, but also amongst the Hungarian and Russian aristocracy
In 1741, Franz Freiherr von der Trenck raised a corps of Pandurs in Slavonia for service in the War of Austrian Succession. Trenck was commended for his exceptionally successful raids against enemy supply lines and outpost, and he was asked to increase his corps from 1000 to 2600 men; there were as well Russian Pandurs: Regardind to Vlad Gromoboy. During the War of 1736-39 with Turkey, many volunteers from Serbia, Moldavia and Wallachia, entered Russian service when the war ended, most of them wished to stay in Russia, they were suggested either to enlist with the Russian regular army or to settle in the Southern regions of Ukraine. This predetermined the following development of Pandur troops in Russia: some of them became a part of the regular army, others formed a settled military like the Austrian Grenz military. Novaia Serbia had to provide 2 Pandur (Foot) Foot regiments were of 5 Grenadier & 15 Pandur (Musketeer) companies each. They were named 1-st & 2-nd. Later an independent garrison battalion in Novomirgorod was raised. It was of 1 Grenadier & 3 Pandur companies. The Russian Pandur infantry had a uniform and armament like the Austrian Grenz infantry. Since the Pandurs Regiments were in Austria and Russia.
REFERENCES: "Kardok" by Jozsef Lugosi & Ferenc Temesvari Figure: 150-153.These types of swords were also a very popular weapon of American Colonists of continental European background and were used during the American revolutionary war and carried by the soldiers of the American Revolutionary Army. For similar examples, please see Battle Weapons of the American Revolution by George Neumann. Page335. Swords & Blades of the American Revolution by George Neumann. Page 93.
MEASUREMENTS: overall length of the sword in the scabbard is 53.4cm (21 in).
CONDITION: The sword is in reasonable condition considering its age of approximately 250 years, with minor pitting and wear. The engravings on one side of the blade are partially worn out.
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